Today I have just read an articled titled “Redundancy effect on retention of vocabulary words using multimedia presentation”*
Yavuz Samur’s this study aims to examine the effect of the redundancy principle in a multimedia presentation constructed for foreign language vocabulary learning on undergraduate students’ retention.
First of all, I would like to mention “redundancy principle”. Redundancy principle is adding redundant on-screen text to a multimedia explanation where it is already narrated, results in poorer learning (Kalyuga, Chandler & Sweller, 1999;Mayer, Heiser&Lonn,2011.)
When I read that principle, I was surprised , because it was different from my early knowledge and experiences. We have already known that it is an effective way to add animation (visual) , narration and texts into our leanguage teaching process, because they address to various learning styles and learning progresses.
In this study, Yavuz Samur justifies us. That principle may work for other fields but if the issue is language learning, narrated text is not redundant information for the language learners in this study.
To be able to prove this , Mr. Samur applies an experiment to graduate students of a public university in mid-Atlantic coast of America. Students are devided into two groups . They are taught some Turkish Words. Here I have to cite that these students’ previous vocabulary backround is approximately the same. At the end of the experiment, the result and students’ feedbacks show that teaching vocabulary with the help of visual , textual and verbal contents is more effective than the one only with visual and verbal.
To sum up, Using various styles in language teaching such as verbal, visual and textual has a great deal of positive effect on learning.
Who is Yavuz Samur?
YAVUZ SAMUR is Assistant Professor in Bahçeşehir University Faculty of Educational Sciences at Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology